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7.-11.10. 2019

International Engineering Fair

Czech Republic intends to reduce landfill waste and increase recycling

 

Waste 2015 And Beyond was the name of a seminar which was held as part of the supporting programme at MSV. The Ministry of the Environment together with regional authorities will prepare realistic KPOH for the Czech Republic, submit proposals of articulated wording of both laws on waste, present the structure of landfilling of waste, etc.

The main objectives of waste use in power generation in the Czech Republic include high quality recycling and maximum utilization of appropriate waste (material, energy, biological), particularly in relation to industrial segments in the regions – agriculture, power generation and construction. Waste use in power generation will be practised mainly with mixed municipal waste, which is produced in the municipalities, in facilities intended for that purpose, with the appropriate legislation in force. Of course the state when waste ceases to be waste must be clarified. This was mentioned by Jaromír Manhart from the Department of Waste Ministry of Environment at the seminar.

"The priority in this area by the end of 2017 will be to build and operate new facilities for waste disposal. These are mainly post-sorting lines, various trans-shipment sites and devices for waste use in power generation. Also, facilities for waste management currently require modernization. Finally, it is necessary to increase the proportion of the use of residual mixed municipal waste and also increase the amount of co-incinerated waste in facilities suitable for this purpose, in accordance with current legislation, in order to replace primary sources," said Manhart.

In the programming period of the Environment Operational Programme for the years 2015 to 2020, the proportion of material and waste used in power generation should increase. For example, by building facilities for waste use in power generation, thermal waste treatment, biogas plants for processing bio waste facilities and facilities for heat treatment of medical and hazardous waste or modernizing the current ones. Also the installation of new boilers for waste incineration in power plants is important. The Ministry is currently accepting applications for the above listed buildings until 13 November this year - the allocation is CZK 1.5 billion.

The Ministry of Environment adopted a new waste management plan for circulatory economy for the years 2015 to 2024. This particularly concerns preparations of new legislation – the Waste Act and the Act on Products With Expired Service Life. From this year onward, it will also be an obligation to sort other components of municipal waste, such as biological waste and metals. The forthcoming legislation will also cover avoiding landfilling of selected types of waste from 2024 onwards. "The priorities of the Czech Republic in the field of circulatory economy will therefore focus on reductions in landfill, waste prevention, realistic targets for recycling waste and packaging, adequate position of waste use in power generation, reduction of food waste, reducing consumption of primary raw materials, supporting the manufacturing industry in the EU, creating an appropriate environment for increased consumption of secondary material and determining computational methods," added Manhart.

In 2014, the Czech Republic produced 32 mil. tons of waste. Of that, 1.56 mil. tonnes of hazardous waste and 30.46 mil. tons of other waste. This means 3043 kg of waste per year per inhabitant in the Czech Republic. Of the total production of 32 mil. tons of waste, 83 percent was reused, of which 79.5 percent as material and 3.5 percent for power generation. 10.3 percent of all waste ended up in landfills. Over a half (51 percent) of the total waste consists of construction and demolition waste. However, that was almost completely used – up to almost 98 percent.

Municipal waste is an important group; its production in 2014 amounted to 5.3 mil. tons. That means 506 kg per one Czech citizen. The ratio of municipal waste in total generated waste was less than 17 percent. In 2014, 46.5 percent of municipal waste was used, 34.8 percent of it as material (it was 30.2 percent in 2013) and 11.8 percent for power generation (11.9 percent in 2013). Landfilling removed 48.3 percent of municipal waste (52.2 percent in 2013).

Compared to 2013, the share of material use of municipal waste has grown; in 2014, about 288 000 tons of waste more than in 2013 was used as material in the Czech Republic. In contrast, the amount of waste that ended up in landfills in 2014 has decreased. About 129,000 tons of municipal waste less than in 2013 was deposited in landfills last year.

 

Date: 16 Sep 2015 16:14:00

Concurrently with

Transport and Logistics
7.-11.10. 2019


ENVITECH
7.-11.10. 2019

 

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