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PYROS
19.-21.5. 2015

International Fire Fighting Equipment and Services Fair

ISET
19.-21.5. 2015

International Security Technology and Services Fair

Historical monuments deserve better fire protection

Every year there is a fire in ten to twenty listed buildings in this country, leading to irreversible damage to the cultural heritage through damage to the buildings themselves and to valuable objects in their interior. How to improve their protection – that was the theme of PYROMEETING International Conference in Brno which is held every two years as part of the supporting programme of PYROS / ISET.

 

Every year there is a fire in ten to twenty listed buildings in this country, leading to irreversible damage to the cultural heritage through damage to the buildings themselves and to valuable objects in their interior. How to improve their protection – that was the theme of PYROMEETING International Conference in Brno which is held every two years as part of the supporting programme of PYROS / ISET.

PYROMEETING always focuses on a specific professional issue and the topic of "Fire Protection of Historical Monuments" was not chosen by chance. "Fire and Rescue Service (FRS) had been specifically focusing on opportunities for improvement in this area in recent years, as cultural monuments represent values that are irreplaceable in a way. When they burn down, they can be reconstructed, but their historical value is irretrievably lost," as was the focus of this year's conference explained by Vladimír Machander of the Department of Prevention from the General Directorate of the Fire and Rescue Service of the Czech Republic.

Protection of historical monuments is also specific in terms of the complexity of intervention, given the limited capabilities of arrival and approach. Another problem is the protection of movable items inside these buildings, which require timely evacuation. "Legislation of fire protection of these buildings was partially toughened up by Decree no. 23/2008 Coll., Which introduced compulsory installation of fire-safety equipment. In the future, our goal is to further improve cooperation with the owners or operators of heritage sites and raise public awareness through preventive educational activities. It is also necessary to adjust the conditions for a possible intervention, access to sites and monument evacuation of the interior," says Machander. Checks and inspections of buildings that FRS performs under an agreement with the National Heritage Institute since 2010 revealed defects in up to 70 percent of the sites. These defects often consist precisely in not solving issues of evacuation of material, which is an issue of proper prevention, risk analysis, fire and proper documentation of fire protection.

PYROMEETING Conference 2013 had approximately 150 participants, representatives of municipalities with extended powers, cities and districts, as well as professional organizations such as the National Heritage Institute and the Czech Committee of the Blue Shield and fire fighters themselves. It presented the past and present in fire protection of cultural heritage and focused primarily on new possibilities of prevention. State of the art fire safety devices are rather expensive, but given the importance of these monuments are worth investing in. Therefore the most valuable parts of buildings, archives, etc. nowadays contain fire fighting devices that directly rule out the occurrence of fire. The final lecture of the partner Fire and Rescue Service from Slovakia showed how damaging and devastating the consequences of a fire can be on the example of Krásna Hôrka castle fire.

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